Download E-books Human Evolution: A Very Short Introduction PDF

The new discovery of the diminutive Homo floresiensis (nicknamed "the Hobbit") in Indonesia has sparked new curiosity within the learn of human evolution. during this Very brief Introduction, popular evolutionary student Bernard wooden strains the heritage of paleoanthropology from its beginnings within the eighteenth century to contemporary most recent fossil unearths. alongside the way in which we're brought to the energetic solid of characters, previous and current, concerned about evolutionary learn. even supposing focusing on the fossil proof for human evolution, the ebook additionally covers the most recent genetic proof approximately local diversifications within the smooth human genome that relate to our evolutionary background. wooden attracts on over thirty years of expertise to supply an insiders view of the sphere, and demonstrates that our realizing of human evolution is seriously depending on advances in similar sciences similar to paleoclimatology, geochronology, systematics, genetics, and developmental biology. this is often an excellent advent for somebody drawn to the origins and improvement of humankind.

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Download E-books The Botany of Desire: A Plant's-Eye View of the World PDF

By Michael Pollan

The e-book that helped make Michael Pollan, the New York Times bestselling writer of Cooked and The Omnivore’s Dilemma, one of the main depended on nutrition specialists in America

Every schoolchild learns in regards to the together priceless dance of honeybees and plant life: The bee collects nectar and pollen to make honey and, within the strategy, spreads the vegetation’ genes everywhere. In The Botany of Desire, Michael Pollan ingeniously demonstrates how humans and domesticated vegetation have shaped a equally reciprocal dating. He masterfully hyperlinks 4 primary human desires—sweetness, good looks, intoxication, and control—with the vegetation that fulfill them: the apple, the tulip, marijuana, and the potato. In telling the tales of 4 time-honored species, Pollan illustrates how the vegetation have advanced to meet humankind’s most elementary yearnings. And simply as we’ve benefited from those vegetation, we have now additionally performed good via them. So who's quite domesticating whom?

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Download E-books The Evolution and Extinction of the Dinosaurs PDF

By David E. Fastovsky, David B. Weishampel

Written for non-specialists, this specific survey of dinosaur origins, range, and extinction is designed as a chain of successive essays protecting very important and well timed issues in dinosaur paleobiology, similar to "warm-bloodedness," birds as dwelling dinosaurs, the recent, non-flying feathered dinosaurs, dinosaur useful morphology, and cladistic equipment in systematics. Its explicitly phylogenetic method of the gang is that taken by means of dinosaur experts. The booklet isn't really an edited compilation of the works of a lot of persons, yet a distinct, cohesive standpoint on Dinosauria. Lavishly illustrated with enormous quantities of recent, in particular commissioned illustrations via John Sibbick, world-famous illustrator of dinosaurs, the quantity contains multi-page drawings in addition to sketches and diagrams. First version Hb (1996): 0-521-44496-9 David E. Fastovsky is Professor of Geosciences on the collage of Rhode Island. Fastovsky, the writer of various clinical guides facing Mesozoic vertebrate faunas and their historical environments, is additionally medical co-Editor of Geology. He has undertaken large fieldwork learning dinosaurs and their environments in Montana, North Dakota, Arizona, Mexico, and Mongolia. David B. Weishampel is a professor on the heart for useful Anatomy and Evolution at Johns Hopkins college, institution of medication. Weishampel is healthier recognized for locating, studying, and naming numerous infrequent eu dinosaur species. through the Eighties Weishampel received status for his paintings with American paleontologist Jack Horner and later named the well-known plant-eating, egg-laying Orodromeus, Horner. Now, a decade after his pioneering experiences with Horner, Weishampel is most generally recognized for his present paintings at the Romanian dinosaur fauna. he's the writer and co-author of many titles, together with The Dinosaur Papers, 1676-1906 (Norton, 2003); The Dinosauria, (University of California, 1990); and Dinosaurs of the East Coast, (Johns Hopkins collage Press, 1996).

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Download E-books Phenotypic Plasticity: Beyond Nature and Nurture (Syntheses in Ecology and Evolution) PDF

By Massimo Pigliucci

For greater than twenty years the idea that of phenotypic plasticity has allowed researchers to move past the nature-nurture dichotomy to realize deeper insights into how organisms are formed by way of the interplay of genetic and ecological elements. Phenotypic Plasticity: past Nature and Nurture is the 1st paintings to synthesize the burgeoning sector of plasticity reviews, delivering a conceptual assessment in addition to a technical remedy of its significant components.

Phenotypic plasticity integrates the insights of ecological genetics, developmental biology, and evolutionary concept. Plasticity learn asks foundational questions about how residing organisms are in a position to edition of their genetic make-up and of their responses to environmental components. for example, how do novel adaptive phenotypes originate? How do organisms observe and reply to annoying environments? what's the stability among genetic or ordinary constraints (such as gravity) and normal choice? the writer starts via defining phenotypic plasticity and detailing its historical past, together with vital experiments and strategies of statistical and graphical research. He then offers prolonged examples of the molecular foundation of plasticity, the plasticity of improvement, the ecology of plastic responses, and the position of prices and constraints within the evolution of plasticity. a quick epilogue seems to be at how plasticity stories make clear the nature/nurture debate within the renowned media.

Phenotypic Plasticity: past Nature and Nurture completely reports greater than twenty years of study, and therefore can be of curiosity to either scholars and pros in evolutionary biology, ecology, and genetics.

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Download E-books Cannabis: Evolution and Ethnobotany PDF

Cannabis: Evolution and Ethnobotany is a complete, interdisciplinary exploration of the average origins and early evolution of this well-known plant, highlighting its ancient position within the improvement of human societies. Cannabis has lengthy been prized for the powerful and sturdy fiber in its stalks, its fit to be eaten and oil-rich seeds, and the psychoactive and medicinal compounds produced via its lady vegetation. The culturally priceless and sometimes irreplaceable items derived from cannabis deeply motivated the economic, scientific, ritual, and spiritual practices of cultures through the a long time, and human wish for those commodities directed the evolution of the plant towards its modern kinds. As curiosity in cannabis grows and public debate over its many makes use of rises, this publication can assist us comprehend why humanity keeps to depend on this plant and adapts it to fit our needs.

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Download E-books Introducing Evolutionary Psychology: A Graphic Guide PDF

By Dylan Evans

Drawing at the insights of evolutionary biology and cognitive psychology, in addition to information from anthropology, primatology, and archaeology, evolutionary psychologists are commencing to piece jointly the 1st really clinical account of human nature. Introducing Evolutionary Psychology is definitely the right creation to this intriguing new field.

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Download E-books Lizards in an Evolutionary Tree: Ecology and Adaptive Radiation of Anoles (Organisms and Environments) PDF

By Jonathan B. Losos

Adaptive radiation, which ends whilst a unmarried ancestral species supplies upward thrust to many descendants, every one tailored to another a part of the surroundings, is probably the one most vital resource of organic variety within the residing global. one of many best-studied examples comprises Caribbean Anolis lizards. With approximately four hundred species, Anolis has performed an immense position within the improvement of ecological conception and has develop into a version process exemplifying the combination of ecological, evolutionary, and behavioral stories to appreciate evolutionary diversification. This significant paintings, written through one of many best-known investigators of Anolis, reviews and synthesizes a major literature. Jonathan B. Losos illustrates how diversified medical methods to the questions of edition and diversification will be built-in and examines evolutionary and ecological questions of curiosity to a vast variety of biologists.

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Download E-books Developing Scaffolds in Evolution, Culture, and Cognition (Vienna Series in Theoretical Biology) PDF

"Scaffolding" is an idea that's changing into generic throughout disciplines. This e-book investigates universal threads in varied purposes of scaffolding, together with theoretical biology, cognitive technology, social conception, technological know-how and expertise reports, and human improvement. regardless of its common use, the concept that of scaffolding is frequently given brief shrift; the individuals to this quantity, from a number of disciplines, supply a extra absolutely constructed research of scaffolding that highlights the function of temporal and transitority assets in improvement, greatly conceived, throughout thoughts of tradition, cognition, and evolution.

The e-book emphasizes replica, repeated meeting, and entrenchment of heterogeneous family members, components, and procedures as a supplement to neo-Darwinism within the developmentalist culture of conceptualizing evolutionary swap. After describing an integration of theoretical views which may accommodate diversified degrees of research and fix numerous methodologies, the booklet discusses multilevel association; transformations (and reciprocality) among participants and associations as devices of study; and views on improvement that span brains, careers, organisations, and cultural cycles.

Contributors: Colin Allen, Linnda R. Caporael, James Evans, Elihu M. Gerson, Simona Ginsburg, James R. Griesemer, Christophe Heintz, Eva Jablonka, Sanjay Joshi, Shu-Chen Li, Pamela Lyon, Sergio F. Martinez, Christopher J. may possibly, Johann Peter Murmann, Stuart A. Newman, Jeffrey C. Schank, Iddo Tavory, Georg Theiner, Barbara Hoeberg Wimsatt, William C. Wimsatt

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Download E-books Evolution in Four Dimensions: Genetic, Epigenetic, Behavioral, and Symbolic Variation in the History of Life (Life and Mind: Philosophical Issues in Biology and Psychology) PDF

By Eva Jablonka

Ideas approximately heredity and evolution are present process a innovative swap. New findings in molecular biology problem the gene-centered model of Darwinian conception in response to which variation happens basically via ordinary collection of probability DNA diversifications. In Evolution in 4 Dimensions, Eva Jablonka and Marion Lamb argue that there's extra to heredity than genes. They hint 4 "dimensions" in evolution -- 4 inheritance structures that play a job in evolution: genetic, epigenetic (or non-DNA mobile transmission of traits), behavioral, and symbolic (transmission via language and other kinds of symbolic communication). those platforms, they argue, can all offer adaptations on which ordinary choice can act. Evolution in 4 Dimensions deals a richer, extra advanced view of evolution than the gene-based, one-dimensional view held through many at the present time. the recent synthesis complex by means of Jablonka and Lamb makes transparent that brought about and purchased alterations additionally play a job in evolution.After discussing all of the 4 inheritance platforms intimately, Jablonka and Lamb "put Humpty Dumpty jointly back" via displaying how all of those platforms have interaction. they give thought to how each one can have originated and guided evolutionary heritage they usually talk about the social and philosophical implications of the 4-dimensional view of evolution. every one bankruptcy ends with a discussion within which the authors interact the contrarieties of the fictitious (and skeptical) "I.M.," or Ifcha Mistabra -- Aramaic for "the contrary conjecture" -- refining their arguments opposed to I.M.'s lively counterarguments. The lucid and obtainable textual content is followed via artist-physician Anna Zeligowski's full of life drawings, which humorously and successfully illustrate the authors' points.

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